Friday, 7 December 2007

The Thai Buddha Image - Lopburi Art

Lopburi art is widely found in the central, east and the Northeast of Thailand. It can be dated around 11th to 13th centuries AD.
The culture was centred in the city of Lopuri and was much influenced by Khmer art and culture as it spread through Northeast Thailand. Because of this, Lopburi art is similar to the Khmer art of Cambodia.

Buddha image at that time are characterized by a cranial protuberance in the form of 3 tiered lotus petals. The hair band is featured and the hair is sometimes straight like human hair. (occasionally curled). The head is decorated with a diadem or a face frame. Facial features include a broad, slightly smiling face, thick lips, broad chin and earlobes that extend down to the shoulder.

The buddha would be shown wearing a robe drape diagonally with a straight edged mantle placed over the left shoulder and extending to the navel. The image would be posed upon a distinctive lotus petal base, featuring a uniguq border design around the lotus petal edges.
Naga Protected Buddha. The final was formed in the shape of a lotus bud or an orb and the Buddha’s robe would feature a distinct curvature at the waist. Image were curved in the meditation posture seated with folded legs and the Naga heads forming a protective taper above the buddha’s head. The Naga in Royal attire. The facial expression is rather stern.

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