Saturday, 23 February 2008

Facts Facts on Buddhism

Meaning of name "Buddhism": System taught by the Buddha
Date founded: c. 520 BCE
Place founded: Northeastern India
Founder: Siddharta Gautama ("the Buddha"), an Indian prince
Adherents: 360 million

Size rank: Fourth largest world religion
Main locations: China, Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia
Major divisions: Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
Sacred texts: Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous Mahayana sutras
Original language: Pali

Place of ritual: Temple, meditation hall.
Varies: Theravada is atheistic; Mahayana is more polytheistic.
Ultimate reality: None. Nothing is permanent.
Human nature:
There is no self or soul. Human existence is nothing more than a combination of five impermanent components (khandas).
Purpose of life:
Theravada - Become an arhat, escape the cycle of rebirth, and attain nirvana. Mahayana - Become a boddhisatva then help others attain enlightenment.
Rebirth or nirvana. Nirvana is seen simply as the cessation of suffering by some and as a heavenly paradise by others.

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eckhart tolle